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It was obviously suggested by the lost genuine Pauline letter referred to in I Cor.
It was composed by a presbyter about —, and is a disguised attack on some of the leading errors of Gnosticism. This correspondence long had an independent circulation, but recently it has been proved that the document was incorporated into the Acts of St. Paul q.
Third Epistle to the Corinthians
Metzger 's Canon of the NT , pages , ; cf. Books of the Bible. Catholic Orthodox. Letter of Baruch 2 Baruch Psalms — For where there are envy, strife, and divisions among you, are you not carnal : The Corinthian Christians thought of themselves as spiritual, but their divisions show that they are in fact fleshly. The problems they had in human relationships showed there was something wrong in their relationship with God.
It was evidence of carnality, of a fleshly way of thinking and living.
Divisions , envy and strife among Christians are not the only signs of fleshiness, but they are the ones most evident among the Corinthians. Are you not carnal and behaving like mere men?
Christians have a higher call than living like the rest of humanity. Remaining worldly is not one of the options.
Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers through whom you believed, as the Lord gave to each one? I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the increase. So then neither he who plants is anything, nor he who waters, but God who gives the increase. Who then is Paul?
Paul and Apollos are not the ones you believed on for salvation; they only brought Jesus to you. They are through whom you believed , not on whom you believed. I planted, Apollos watered : Christian workers have different jobs and see different results, but God is the one who gets the work done. Only God… gives the increase.
When a farmer plants a seed, and waters it, he really does not make it grow. The miracle of life does that. All the farmer can do is provide the right environment for growth, and trust in the miracle of life. We do the same thing in ministering Jesus to other people. Some people are frustrated because they want to water when God has called them to plant, or they want to plant when God has called them to water.
Others are frustrated because they want to make the increase happen, when only God can do that. Real fruitfulness in ministry happens when we are peacefully content with what God has called us to do. I planted, Apollos watered : Planted and watered are in the ancient Greek aorist tense, marking definite acts in the past.
Gives the increase is in the imperfect tense, marking the continued work of God. Now he who plants and he who waters are one, and each one will receive his own reward according to his own labor. He who plants and he who waters are one : In combating the Corinthian desire to divide among leaders, Paul reminds them they are all on the same team.
Those waterers are really missing the boat. Those planters better get their priorities straight. Each one will receive his own reward : All work together, but each is rewarded individually. Reward is not given according to gifts, talents, or even success, but according to their own labor. God knows how to reward properly. On earth, many ministers either receive too much or too little reward. Young preachers used to ask G. Campbell Morgan the secret to his preaching success.
We cannot work without Him, and He will not work without us generally speaking.
Enduring Word Bible Commentary 1 Corinthians Chapter 3
God wants you as His working partner. When you consider all the ways God could have done His work, it is even more amazing to know He wants our participation. According to the grace of God which was given to me, as a wise master builder I have laid the foundation, and another builds on it. But let each one take heed how he builds on it. The study demonstrates that the author's main concern was the issue of the resurrection of the flesh.
The dissertation concludes that 3 Cor is a second century pseudepigraphon written to argue for the corporeal resurrection of the dead against the Gnostics' claims of a pneumatic resurrection. It was an effort on behalf of the second century Church Fathers to rescue the Apostle Paul from the Gnostics and reclaim him into second century Christian Orthodoxy. Advanced Search. Privacy Copyright.